Group 1
- Austrian
 Golden Helmet

- Dutch Golden Helmet
- German / Hamburg GH

- Danish Golden Helmets

Group 2
- Polish
Gold, Silver, Bronze

- Australian Golden Helmet
- Belgian Golden Helmet

- Yugoslav / Lendava GH

- Rhodesian
(N&S)  GHs    

- S.African Golden Helmets

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Austria,  Holland,  Germany,  Denmark
    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.


The 'Golden Helmet of the MRO' competition, - the Motor Race-club of Österreich -, was started in 1960 when Arne Pander won the 20-heat international meeting in Vienna with a maximum 15pts from Peter Craven(13pts) and Ronnie Moore(12pts). In the follow-up meeting in '62, (the '61 meeting was rained off,) the Holder met Challengers Craven and Hofmeister in 3-man, 3-heat, 3-leg Match Races in Vienna, Linz and Graz, Craven wresting the trophy from the Dane as the highest point scorer over the 3 meetings.

           Rt: Josef Bossner, Ove Fundin, Josef Hofmeister,
                      - MRO team-mates, Vienna 3TT+GH, 1962.

It was 1971 before the Golden Helmet was next raced for, when it became a 2-day event, at Felixdorf and Krems or Mureck, the latter track, as the 'Speedway Center Austria' taking exclusive operation of the competition over the last 2 decades. Participation was mainly from Eastern Europe, (though the ubiquitous Mauger appeared in '85) and the helmet changed hands year on year, most successes going to Hungarian Zoltan Adorjan, - 3 times in the 'eighties. After the death of its organizer Josef Bössner, (1972 Helmet winner,) in 2005 the GH has been replaced by the Josef Bössner Memorial meeting.

Vienna 1961, After-dinner speeches: Ove Fundin, MRO President Franz Renisch,
Lord Mayor of Vienna, Trevor Redmond, Ronnie Moore, Barry Briggs.


Amsterdam Olympic Stadium, Aug. 10 1953:   Line includes winner Tony Kroeze (among 4 Dutchman on left,) Reg Fearman (ctr, in Leicester jacket,) Roy Craighead & Phil Bishop, (3rd & 2nd from Rt.)

                                                                      A series of Dutch Golden Helmet meetings, - a single competition at each track after the initial year: each helmet retained by the winner - , was held annually from 1950 onward at several tracks in the Netherlands with crowds approaching 50,000 at the Olympic Stadium Amsterdam and Feyenoord, Rotterdam, and up to 25,000 elsewhere. Hengelo, Tilburg, den Bosch, and Sleen (today termed Veenoord,) also staged meetings but regular speedway action in the capital ended following the 1987 World Final there and only the Veenoord track now continues the competition. Some meetings were dedicated individual GH meetings, on other occasions a Golden Helmet was awarded to the top individual scorer in a team match or Best Pairs competitions, (Hengelo '59) i.e. a dual event meeting. Dominated by German and Dutch riders in the early years, Josef Hofmeister and Tonny Kroeze each won 4 helmets, Nic van Gorcum took 5 in the '60s, as did Dane Hans Nielsen in the '70s.
   During the Covid hiatus the opportunity to redevelope the Veenoord site was taken a new shorter track reopened for the 2023 Golden Helmet meeting, (won by Pole Lars Skupien.)

(Above: Co Boef, first GH winner.)                   

Dutch Golden Helmets from
1974: Norgaard receiving Helmet.
Fritz Koppe's Helmet             2009: 21stC. Dutch Golden Helmet.


    As early as 1929 a points-based Golden Helmet trophy was raced for in Copenhagen at the Roskildeveg 1/3 mile Dirt Track. The winner of the day's final heat received the helmet and 10 DKK for every day he kept it. The rider with the most points at the end of the season retained the helmet for good. Kaj Hansen was the first permanent winner. In 1930 Morian Hansen won with a total of 35 points. The 1931 series was won by Svend Aage Engstrom with 24 points. These helmets were sponsored by 'Gargoyle Oil'.

    After WWII Gladsaxe Speedway outside the capital ran a GH event in 1948 at the 400m track sponsored by Wiking Oil and won by Orla Knudsen from Basse Hveem, the Nordic Speedway and Long Track champ of the day. In '53 Kiehn Berthelsen (in action, Rt,) was victor in another GH meeting at the new 333m Amager track.

           Morian Hansen, 1930                                      1931 Gold Helmet                          
Svend Aage Engstrom

       Orla Knudsen 1948                                   Kiehn Berthelsen 1953 
+ Lft, Basse Hveem, 2nd.)                                    in action        &          presentation

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Germany - Hamburg

     The first purpose-built dirt track in Germany was constructed in the Hamburg district of Lokstedt in 1929 by a UK/Danish consortium, United Speedway Ltd., who operated it alongside its Roskildeveg, Copenhagen site, built the previous year. Each stadium included a greyhound circuit in addition to the 1/3 mile speedway track, and star riders and their bikes, including British stars such as Bill Kitchen, were often flown between the two venues.
     From the opening Hamburg meeting in July '29 both venues ran a 'Golden Helmet' competition, - see the Roskildeveg GH results, 1929- '31, in the adjacent Danish GH table - , where weekly stagings were restricted to native riders who accumulated points towards an end-of-season total and the award of a Golden Helmet. The first winner was Fritz Niss, who won 4 of the weekly finals and totalled 42 points, (presumably from a scoring basis of 5-3-2-1 that was known to have been the Copenhagen system,) though he was being drawn down on by Herbert Drews toward the end of the year. Drews went on to become the 1930 overall winner with 5 weekly successes and 68 pts. The 1931 competition was abandoned after the initial event, though racing at Lokstedt continued up to 1933.

Poland (GH, SH, BH), Australia ('90s ), Belgium, Yugoslavia/Slovenia
    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.


     The Polish Golden Helmet, a tournament restricted to senior domestic riders only, was introduced in 1961. As a memorial to Dr.L.Barana of Wroclaw, a former FIM vice-president, the prize winner has traditionally received a new full Jawa bike. Prior to 2006 participating riders were nominated from their preceding season's averages, but since serving as the national qualifier for the SGPs, semi-finals have been introduced. In the table of winners below the Gollob brothers' 9 successes stand out, Jacek taking 2 titles and Tomasz 7 wins over a 14-year period. In the present decade World champ Bartosz Zmarzlik became the first ever rider to score a hattrick of GHs.
      Poland also has a Silver Helmet and a Bronze Helmet competition, for U21 and U19 riders respectively.


 Polish GH 123, 2011                                                                                            Polish Silver Helmet winner,
 2nd Piotr Protasiewicz, 1st Adrian Miedziaski, 3rd Jan Kolodziej                  2010, 2011  Maciej Janowski
     In Australia the appeal of the name Mauger, Speedway's 'Man of the Millenium', and his Academy programme of the past 2 decades has resulted in a Golden Helmet winners' list populated with young continental Europeans as well as young Australian riders who are now making their presence felt in UK and Europe, filling league places in Poland and Sweden as well as British Leagues and winning international championships! (n.b: Pre- & Post-War Aust. GHs are detailed on p.GH1.)

                                   Ivan Mauger and 2 of the 2008 Australian Golden Helmet winners,
                                           Justin Sedgemen                 &                          Darcy Ward        

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    In Heusden-Zolder, Belgium international Golden Helmet meetings have been held intermittently in more recent decades, though information is limited. After double wins for Wilfried Hendrickx in '81 and '82 the successful 1983 winner was the much-travelled Ivan Mauger.

  Heusden-Zolder Golden Helmet meetings,  2005   2009   2010  2011

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     Lendava, in present-day Slovenia, staged the former 'Yugoslav Golden Helmet' meeting during the communist period, commencing in 1978 and won 5 times in the first 7 years by Ivan Mauger.  The event was resurrected briefly in the last decade with Matej Zagar a 2x winner.  (photo rt.)

    At Krsko, venue of the annual Slovenian SGP, a longer-surviving gold trophy is
presented by the local authority in the form of its logo. The Golden Sign of the Municipality of Krsko (Zlati Znak Občine Krško,) has been raced for since 1982. Local Slovenian Matej Feran was a 4x winner of the prize, with Pole Sebastian Ulamek succeeding 3 times in later years. In fields dominated by East Europeans, Australia has provided the only English-speaking successes, with winners Todd Wiltshire and Dakota North (in 1997 and 2013 respectively,) plus podium-placers Shane Parker and Troy Batchelor, (3rd in '99; 2nd in 2016.)    

    After the death of the 4x Yugoslav champion
Franc Babič a Cup in his memory was introduced in 1992 with the top 8 riders from the Golden Sign event then racing for the  Cup. Wiltshire and North each did the double by taking this trophy in the same years as their Golden Sign wins, though only Feran was able to claim this feat more than once, with 3 doubles in '99, '00 and '03.



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South African Golden Helmets
(N. & S.) Golden Helmets 
 For detail of Southern Africa's Golden Helmet competitions,
the S.African GH 
and Rhodesian GHs (N & S,),
incl'g the SA.MRC and the present day Golden Helmet meetings
see the Southern Africa page go to 
S.Africa  page
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More Golden Helmet programmes HERE