p.1 - National and International Championships           
p.2 - Internationals: Test Matches & Individual Events

- FIM World 1000cc Track Racing Championship 
- FIM Sidecar World Cup
- FIM Sidecar Gold Trophy        
- FIME  European Championship
- FIM Oceania Championship     - Australasian Championship.(unofficial)

- British    Sidecar  Speedway / Track Racing / Sand Racing Championships
- Australian S/car Speedway Chmpshp       - New Zealand
S/car Speedway Chmpshp
- South African
S/car Speedway Chmpshp  - USA  Sidecar  Speedway Championship
- German S/car Track Racing Chmpshp       - Netherlands 
S/car Speedway Chmpshp
Sidecar Championships                  - Belgium
Sidecar Championship

            Also covered :
              - British Grass Track  Sidecar Championships  (500cc, 1000cc, RH s/cars ) :
                      - National  Championships      -  Centre Championships

              - Netherlands Grass Track 
Sidecar Championship
              - Machinery  &  Equipment


     Not too long after speedway racing started,
reportedly at the West Maitland Show Society in 1923, sidecar racing on a dirt track oval quickly followed, leading to the first national Sidecar Championship being held in 1931 at Melbourne's 'Exhibition Speedway' in Australia.
     Whilst solo speedway expanded through the conduit of the Empire and into Europe, building on team and league racing, it has been in Australia that this category of motorcycle sport has been most dominant, with extensive developments of both motors and chassis, particularly from the 'seventies onward. After the inaugural Melbourne title meeting the intermediate years saw a variety of 'other' Sidecar championships staged, with contradictions and inaccuracies commonplace. So it is to post-war years that we turn for serious and reliable data on official 3-wheel championship winners, where, under the skies of the Southern Cross, composite speedway meetings with 2-, 3- and 4-wheeled classes, rather than the dedicated solo events of the Northern hemisphere, continue to be the norm.
     With intensive speedway activity in both hemispheres in the late '40s, a number of antipodean charioteers appeared on UK tracks, (see Lt: Aussie champ Jim Davies at Belle Vue, Manchester in 1950,) until 'black-listed' by the British SRA, because  "sidecars would damage the circuits at present used exclusively by solo riders," this despite the fact that the same  solo riders, British and Australian, including the SRA chairman-cum-England captain, were racing together in composite meetings Down Under.

    In 1989 in the UK full-scale Sidecar Test matches between England and Australia were instigated by ex-pat Paul Pinfold,
which in turn, in the early 1990s led to the 'World Of Rebels' troupe being formed. The group comprised sidecar crews from England, Australia, New Zealand, USA and South Africa, mounting international test match 'friendlies' and individual events at a limited number of English league team tracks plus forays into mainland Europe. But with the cost of travel and track wear again being fingered as problem areas, plus solo riders objecting to loosing heats and earnings to the 3-wheelers, the initiative fizzled out.
Brandon Stadium, Coventry was one venue that gave sidecars regular outings, initially involving mostly Grasstrack machines on the Bees' vacant 'away' race nights, and the first (unofficial) British Championship were run there in the late '90s. In 2001, the Supercup series was staged, with an opening Qualifer at King's Lynn, and this ran for a few years, (see page SSC.2,) bringing with it sidecar stars from Australia, New Zealand, and USA. During this time, the British Sidecar Speedway Championships were made official.

     Present day sidecar speedway racing involves 1000cc combinations powered by methanol-fuelled 'Japanese 4s', i.e. straight 4-cylinder engines, most commonly Kawasaki but also including Honda, Suzuki and a few specials. Also known as 'Australian Sidecar Speedway' because of the origin and predominance of the sport Down Under, it is staged principally in English-speaking Commonwealth countries where public roads are driven on the left, plus USA. Race direction is clockwise because of the chair position, left of the motor. For more on sidecar equipment see the final section, 'Machinery', at the foot of this page.
     The equivalent motorcycle sport in mainland Europe is designated 'Long Track' sidecar racing, (or Sidecar Track Racing, - the term 'speedway' isn't used,) and features lightweight combinations with the chair on the right of the bike's  500cc GM or Jawa lay-down motor. The meetings are run on sand or grass surfaces of up to 1000 metres, in anti-clockwise direction, as for solos. It is noted that the FIM Gold Trophy/World Championships introduced in 2005 at U.K. and Australian venues are “Track Racing Sidecar” title events, as also with the British Championship of the present decade and some YGT solo title classes, as it attempts, apparently, to desegregate the 'slider' classes of Long- , Sand- , Grass-   and Speedway-racing, as circuit length also becomes less of a categorization.
     Note also that in the UK grass track sister-sport, a typical meeting today can involve either LH or RH Sidecar events, (indicating racing direction: both have the passenger chair on the left.) Here initial British sidecar classes were limited to 1300cc but this limit was cut to 1000cc after competitors started fitting Ford and Hillman car engines. The '500cc Sidecar' class grass championship, featuring lightweight combo's with lay-down speedway engines, was introduced in 1978.

    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.

     After a squad of riders from Down Under traveled to the UK and Europe for a series of unofficial sidecar Test matches at the end of the '90s the FIM, as a preliminary step to a world championship, initiated the Sidecar Gold Trophy in 2005, as is its normal practice.  For the first event in Werlte, Germany, there was just one continental pair included in the field, (from the home country,) but after the practice day and excessive rain, the competition proper had to be abandoned and was not re-staged.  Two of the next 3 annual meetings that were staged were raced in the UK, and the 2007 event held in Australia, with just one non-Commonwealth pair, (Dutch) participating. Australian riders took the Trophy on each of the 3 occasions, though no one pairing ever stood on the podium more than once. Two British duo's, Jackson & Blyth and Rob Wilson & Owen, were 2nd and 3rd in 2006 on the Isle of Wight.
     Come 2009 the event was upgraded to World Championship status. France, Britain and Australia promoted the Championship in turn, but participants comprised only Commonwealth riders, even in the continental meeting. Aussie Mick Headland, Trophy winner in 2007, won the first 2 World Championship titles, with Darrin Treloar and young Jesse Headland taking the third year when he switched from chairing for his father in 2011.
     With a lack of interest from mainland Europe, where lightweight 500cc combinations are still the norm and where the French and British favour grass track racing, the World 1000cc Track Championship was dropped from the FIM calendar. In Australia a Sidecar 'Grand Slam' Series was initiated as a replacement for the programme, with involvement of the usual Commonwealth teams, and which in 2013 was upgraded to official status as the FIM Oceania 1000cc Championship, the de facto World title. With the added inclusion of riders from USA, the FIM apparently reconsidered its support in 2016 and restored to the big sidecar scene its World title by granting approval for an FIM World Cup competition. Over the 'World' campaign, started in 2005, Darrin Treloar (NSW, below left, with Jesse Headland in 2018,) can boast most successes with 4 titles, while Mick Headland has 3, (VIC, below centre).

In Europe, the European Sidecar Championship is hosted at 'grass' or sometimes sand circuits,  though the former surfaces are more often
loose dirt, cut up by the racing, particularly if multiple events are staged in a season, see scene below.
   A 500cc competition, racing is run in an anti-clockwise direction, as with solo machines. Germany and Netherlands have staged the event almost exclusively, - France just twice; Britain 3 times - , hence riders from the Rhine countries have taken the championship title all but once, when Britain's Josh Goodwin & Liam Brown raised the trophy on home soil at the High Easter track near Chelmsford in 2014. Germany's Tommy Kunert, (seen above rt. with Max Eidl in 2012,) hold the EM record with 11 successes.

    On a number of occasions during the 20th century, when Australian crews were touring neighbouring New Zealand, the opportunity was taken to stage an unofficial but determinate Australasian Sidecar Championship. Sometimes a single race, on other occasions a meeting headliner event, (as per 1970, programme, below rt,) this Oceania forerunner was first won in December 1955 by a suitably fitting Oz/NZ duo of Jim Davies & Les Moore, (father of Ronnie Moore,) whilst present-day Western Springs promoter Bill Buckley took the title in 1967.

World Championship: 2009              2010                        World Cup 2016                       European S/F, 1992

 British Championships
    Having staged regular Sidecar race events in mixed programme meetings for many decades on the Coventry Bees 'away' nights, Brandon Stadium hosted the first British Sidecar Speedway Championship, a 1000cc competition, in 1996, which was won by Roger Measor & Shane Lapham, with Rob Wilson leading home son Robbie Wilson for the minor medal places. In the new century,
having gained official status in 2002, other speedway tracks staged the event, and it became a Series competition in 2005 until the final staging at Sheffield in 2010.
    In 2009 an all new Sidecar Track Racing Championship series was set-up by the ACU, run by the Mid- Cornwall Premier Grass Club, with the aim of having the top six British speedway competitors take on the top six British grass track competitors. British contestants from the World Championship were also invited to take part. Though mostly on speedway tracks, the Tonbridge grass circuit also staged a round.
     Most successful pairing over the 17 years of competing for these British Championships was Matt Tyrell & Shaun Yates with 5 titles. Gary Jackson and partners Carl Pugh, (in 2002, '03) and Carl Blyth, (in '06,'07,) clocked up 4 wins, - Jackson was also World silver medalist in 2006 and 2010, and 3x grass track's British Masters prior to the speedway titles.
     After an aborted Track series in 2014 the ACU Sidecar Speedway Championship event was resurrected in 2017 with over £5,000 of prize money up for grabs as the top 16 British Sidecar crews fought out the championship over four 18-race rounds for the Paul Pinfold Memorial Trophy. At the Grand Final at Belle Vue, Manchester, Mark Cossar & Carl Blyth (photo Rt.) made it 4 wins from 4 rounds to take a 4th national title. The 2018 winners were Paul Whitelam & Alan Elliot.

   British Sidecar Speedway Championships
         Poole 2003                           I.o.Wight 2004                 I.o.Wight 2005                       I.o.Wight 2008 

       British Championship  2017  &  2018

                                                                        ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

   The British Sand Racing Championships have also featured a 1000cc Sidecar class in the present decade with the chairs' Sand title being taken exclusively by two families, the Wilsons and the Winterburns.  Wilsons Snr. and Jnr,
who both took podium places in the first British Sidecar Speedway Championship at Coventry in 1996, were Sand Champions in 2012 and '14 respectively. Father and son Rod (in 2013, '16 and '17,) and Gareth Winterburn (in 2015) taking the other 4 Sand titles, young Billie Winterburn's chairing seemingly being the decisive factor.
   2023 Update:  Relocated to the Fylde cost in Lancashire post the Covid hiatus as the ACU Sand Master Championships, and with Billie Winterburn now driving, in 2022 he became the third family member to claim the ACU sidecar championship. In the second year on the North-West coast, in front of a 5000 crowd, veteran Colin Blackbourn with Carl Pugh pushed Owen and Farwell into second place. 
(See above, plus Long Track page for all sand results, solos and combos.)

                            British Sand Race Championship, Vazon Bay, Guernsey, 2012

                                       Below, Champions 2012, Rob Wilson & Terry Saunders

Australian NATIONAL  +  STATE  Sidecar Champions
    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.

Darrin Treloar  & Blake Cox,                                     Warren Monsoon & Andy Summerhayes,
Aus. Champs in 2016                                                   2017 World + Oceania Champs
Darrin Treloar & Blake Cox in action. 

  Australian Sidecar Champions 

    Two star names that dominated Sidecar speedway racing after the War were NSW's Jack Carruthers and Victoria's Jim Davies. Carruthers claimed the national title in Sydney in 1946 and '50, as well as 5 local State titles. Jim Davies took the Australian crown in '47 in Sydney, plus the '48, '50 and '51 3-lap titles in Adelaide, as well as a dozen State titles in 5 different states. Traveling widely, - he raced in the UK during this period, as seen in action above, (in 'Background') at Belle Vue, Manchester - , Davies also won the Australasian Sidecar Championship in Christchurch, New Zealand in the 1955/56 season when partnered by Les Moore, father of solo World Champ, Ronnie Moore.  
     In the following decades national hat-tricks were taken by Doug Robson, (1967, '74, '75,) Phil McCurtayne ('84 - '86,) and Glen O'Brien (2000 - '02,) but WA's Dennis Nash collected the national Championship prize on 5 occasions, as well as 9 Western titles. However, it's the phenomenal success of Darrin Treloar and his various passengers that out-does them all, - and is continuing still at the time of writing. Treloar has had 17 Australian national championship wins since his first Long Track national in 1992, (11 Speedway and 6 Long Track,) plus 39 State titles, including 21 from his NSW home state. Yet topping all these victories are his 4 FIM World titles,  - 2008 (FIM Gold Trophy, at Kings Lynn, UK,) 2011 (World Championship, at Murry Bridge, Aus,) and 2016 & '18 (World Cup, both at Gillman, Aus.) 
   National Long Track Sidecar Championships doubles have also been achieved by Jim-Bob Turner, Jamie Hinton and Shane Hudson, all in the present 21st. century.  

           Jim Davies  &  Jack Carruthers c.1950                             Doug Tyreman,  Doug Robson
                                                                                                          & Warren Sullivan c.1975

1984 Australian Championship         1993  WA              1995 NSW                2010 Australian Championship

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

  ECSR Championship  -  "East Coast Sidecar Roundup"
   Sidecar riders, supporters, and sponsors up and down the Eastern states operate a volunteer group to increase track time for sidecars speedway crews (from any state, plus New Zealanders, - it led in turn to the 2017 NZ v. Australia unofficial international series, see p.SSC.2.)
  With multi-class meetings that have seen
race-day assemblies of up to 75 combos of Junior Speedway-, Dirt Track Modern-, and DT Classic- as well as Speedway- Sidecars, the not-for-profit group has expanded the interest and awareness of both the active (riders, jockeys, pit-crew,) and the passive (followers and spectators,) Australian.
As well as the club championship, Memorial trophies from the Bond and the Cox families are raced for at the Tamworth NSW round, when 5 Cox's, - father Glenn and 4 sons - , take up their most accomplished role by filling the chairs in tribute to the absent fifth son, Matthew.

ECSR Champions Trophy              Jack Bond Cup         

    New Zealand Sidecar Speedway Champions,

    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.

New Zealand Sidecar Champions

    Sidecar speedway is just one of the dozen or more classes in the multi-category programmes staged on New Zealand dirt oval speedway tracks, alongside, Stocks, Midgets, TQs, Saloons, etc. as well as solo speedway. But unlike Australia and its controlling body MA, 'Speedway New Zealand',  (SNZ) is the dominant regulating authority for bikes and trikes, with MNZ in charge of other motorcycle (and 4-wheel speedway,) the two having polarised after NZ.ACU became independent in 1983.
     The name Les Dwight dominated the NZ Championship in the '70s, when father and son Les Snr. and Les Jnr., with passengers Graham Pullan and Steve Unwin, took 5 consecutive titles. Pullan stopped the run by taking the title in his own right in '76/'77, pushing Les Jnr. into 2nd place. Brian Turner next claimed the title and made it 4-in-a-row, a feat repeated by Robert Vandenberg  at the end of the 1980s. At the same time Vandenburg also won 4 NZ Sidecar Speedway Grand Prix between '86 and '91, plus becoming North Island Champion in 1989 and '90, so dominating completely the NZ sidecar scene. In the new millenium Nick Edmonds & Paul James claimed a hat-trick by winning the National, the Grand Prix and the newly introduced Long Track national sidecar championship in 2005, part of their national speedway and national Long Track triples that decade. 
    New Zealander Andrew Buchanan is prominent on today's wider sidecar scene, racing extensively in Australia where he has taken podium places in 2017 and 2018 in both the FIM Oceania Championship and the FIM World Cup, after having been South Island champion in 2016 and NZ Grand Prix winner in 2011.
                     Les Dwight Snr.                                                  Andrew Buchanan & Phillipa Burns

Other National Championships

    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.

USA,  South Africa,  Rhodesia

    In the USA many of the small Californian motorcycle speedway tracks feature sidecars on their programme during the season, the national Championship being run latterly at Costa Mesa, - but only gaining AMA accreditation for the first time in 2019.
    Names like McIntyre, Gardner, Matherson all had a brace of successes in the Sidecar Championship through the 1990s, but once Joe Jones and his partners, -
in turn, McElroy, Olsen, Glover, German  - , captured the trophy all others were denied much chance. Jones is the current USA Sidecar National Champion with 14 wins in 16 years.

          Joe Jones & Dave German,               National Sidecar Trophy          Jones and Tom Summers,
                      2016 Champions                                                                                2013 Champions

   In the Republic of South Africa the format of speedway meetings post-war (in its Union days) followed the UK model with team matches, Test Matches, MRCs, etc. and negligible sidecar activity on dirt track ovals. After political isolation in the '60s and a dirth of solo riders, mixed category meetings with 2-, 3- and 4-wheel classes became the norm and Piet van Niekerk
(who later played a significant role in the development of the GSM Dart sports car,) became S.African Sidecar champ in 1968. After a '70s hiatus Gary Coetzee took 4 SA titles in 5 years in the mid-'80s at the Dunswart track, followed by a similar score from Colin Aitken between 1988 and 2008, the last at Walkerville Oval, the only present-day venue in South Africa for speedway.

      1st SA Champ Piet van Niekerk (behind                          Colin Aitken (rt,) with 2008 passenger
    brother Cally van Niekerk) @ Dunswart c.1972                  Derrick Hilliar, the S.A Champ of 2011.

    As solo speedway was declining in Rhodesia sidecar speedway commenced. A
t the Glamis  Stadium, Salisbury , under the auspices of the Mashonaland Stock-Car Racing Club, Sidecar Speedway was introduced in 1975 and continued for 3, possibly 5 more years beyond the solos and into the '80s. Initiator, constructor and racer Mike Younghusband, (below,) along with passenger Malcolm Carrick is thought have taken the 3-wheel championship in the first season, but no verification or detail can be found.

Netherlands,  Belgium,  Estonia
    Sidecar speedway championships in Denmark for the '500cc Special' class, i.e, single cylinder methanol-fueled combinations, have been awarded since 1969, when staged on the larger trotting tracks, (Long track championships) and on short tracks of 300- 400m, quite often with the same field of competitors, but mostly at the Lovel circuit at Viborg.  Niels Munk Nielsen claimed 6 titles on the Long track between 1978 and '87, before becoming a DMU and FIM official, while Jan Rasmussen was a champion on both Short and Long tracks between 1982 and '91, the latter year as double champion.

Niels Munk Nielsen & Finn Schmidt(10)       Niels Munk Nielsen             Jan Rasmussen & Remi Kruse

    Netherlands held a limited number of sidecar speedway championships at the turn of the millennium, grass track racing being the more dominant form of track racing in the Holland. (The results of 6 decades of sidecar grass track championships can be found in a section below.)
Rick Diephuis won 6 medals in the 7 sidecar speedway championships, - the first 3 golds - , missing a podium place only in 2003. William Matthijsen, partnered usually by Erwin Broers, also appeared on the rostrum in all but one of the 7 speedway championships, taking the gold medal in 2001 -'04, as well as winning the grass track title in those years, and every year since, u.t.i. 2017. 


  In Germany, Michael and Rosamunde Datzmann (below,) achieved a yet-to-be beaten 4 consecutive titles run in 1983, while 3 years later Josef Onerka scored the first of his 10 national Track racing titles. A decade later Tommy Kunert won his first national title in 1995, retiring in 2014 with a record 11 championships to complement his 11 European title wins. He also features in the list of Southern (SBM) champs, with Karl Keil predominant in the Northern (NBM).
  The Dutch national grass track sidecar championship was first staged in 1960, and became an 'Open' event in 2004. Through the 1990s Marco Glorie reveled in Dutch glory with 11 national titles in 15 years, but in the new millennium William
Matthijssen, son of 1987 champions Henk Matthijssen, partnered in most years by sister Natalie, (photo rt.) surpassed Glorie's record with, at the time of writing, 17 consecutive Dutch Open sidecar Championships. He is also a 5x European Track Champion.

                       Husband & wife Michael & Rosamunde Datzmann,
                 5x European Champions,  4x German 500cc Sand Track Champions.

                    Mark Venus & Mark Heiss,  current German 500cc Champions, (2013 -'15, '17)


            National and Regional :    - 500cc   - 1000cc  - LH S/cars

            Regional Grass Track 'Centre' Championships ; -
              - South East Centre  
           * LH Sidecars + RH Sidecars
              - Southern Centre      
             RH Sidecars + 500 Sidecars
              - Eastern Centre             
       RH Sidecars + 500 Sidecars
              - Midland Centre    
                RH Sidecars + 500 Sidecars 
              - South Midland Centre     
      RH Sidecars   
              - Worcestershire Centre 
         RH Sidecars

    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.
*   n.b:  In the S.E. Centre sidecars are traditionally raced anti-clockwise/LH, though clockwise/RH races are also nowadays staged. In both cases chairs are mounted left of the bike, but with different front fork geometry and angle as well as angle and alignment of the third wheel.

         Mark Cossar & Liam Brown, 3x British Speedway/Track racing champions;
              5x British 1000cc Grass Track champions;    S.E. Centre(2x) + Midland Centre champs

             Shaun Harvey & Danny Hogg, 8x British 500cc Grass Track Champions,
                                                            Southern Centre + Eastern Centre Champs, 2005


   Although Sidecar Speedway in the opening days started with single cylinder units of 500cc and 650cc as were to be found in solo bikes, British-built 1000cc V-twin motors dominated dirt-trike racing for many decades before and after WW.II, primarily Vincent-HRDs, along with the JAP 8/80, (which Jim Davies stuck faithfully to: see photo of restored models, below,) until, in the 'seventies Japanese engines started to make a mark and dirt track racers tried fitting out their units with same. Sydneysider Geoff Grocott was an early initiator and experimented with a Kawasaki 500cc, but as he persevered and upped his mount to the 3-cylinder 750 model he drove all before him and convincingly took the national crown in 1972.
   Conscious that UK production had ended in the 'fifties and they were living on borrowed time, trike racers now gave other Jap marques such as Honda and Suzuki time and space. Today 1000cc and 1100cc Japanese straight 4's, boosted by piston kits, stronger conrods, race camshafts, beefed up clutches and a lot of head work, are taken for granted as the norm for sidecar speedway around the globe, non more so than the Yamaha FZR 1000. But 50 years on, in the 21st century this motor too has been out of production by more than 10 years, and supply of donor units is drying up.

     Sidecar frames were for many years simply solo designs with an elementary platform bolted on, only the angled third wheel denoting the unique sporting application, though many innovations were tried. As early as 1928 a combination with a driven third wheel was experimented with at Belle Vue. On the grass in 1964 solo rider Arne Hendricksen attached a 'car to his 500 Hagon by horizonal hinges, allowing both rider and passenger to sit astride the machine. After many objections his successes were quickly terminated when the ACU deemed that sidecars should be rigidly attached.
     Meanwhile on the continent
passengers sat in the sidecar and controlled its angle by means of a wheel, Some included linked steering, (see below, right.)  With the driver and passenger working in unison extremely high cornering speeds could be maintained, but after a number of serious accidents the outfits were banned from international competition in 1974.

    When English grass-track champ Paul Pinfold emigrated to Australia in 1981 the local speedway outfits were fairly cumbersome with high rigid frames and an old-fashioned style of passengering, the swinger kneeling on a board on the left hand side of the bike at the start of races.
   Pinfold produced a new-style frame which was lower to the track, wider and had much improved handing qualities. This bike hugged the track magnificently and quickly began outpacing the older Australian machines, and won a hat-trick of national championships for its buyer Paul McCurtayne in '84, '85 and '86, (the first after a run-off with Pinfold !) Produced en masse, Pinfold's Lowliner frames then dominated the sport for many years.  The photo right shows clearly the design of a present-day style one-piece monocoque speedway sidecar chassis.

    Below, newly restored vintage JAP 8/80 and Vincent-HRD combination racers.

                  1000cc Kawasaki 'Australian' sidecar                                         500cc GM European sidecar        

  Next page, Sidecar Test Matches             p.SSC.2