National Championships:-
                   - Russia   - USSR    - Ru/SU Jnrs,
                  - Finland   - Sweden  - Czechia 
                   - Germany  - Switzerland  - plus   .
                                                       plus: Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Mongolia,
Holland, Canada, Austria  . .  and Gt.Britain
                 Regional Championships:-
                 - European (+ Jnr)    - Nordic Championship 
                 Machinery & Equipment

    The Ice Speedway addressed here is sometimes also known as 'Ice Racing' (e.g. by UEM; FIM use the term Ice Speedway; in Sweden it's Isracing; in mainland Europe it's Eisspeedway,) and it covers methanol-fuelled 500cc machinery, most commonly Jawa/JRM. The extended frame bikes are fitted with spiked tyres, (28mm spikes, 150 and 200 in the front and rear tyres respectively,) as opposed to conventional speedway machines and Japanese-built Short-/Flat-track bikes, both of which can be fitted with small studs and, with the former, can permit sliding on bends when competing on small indoor ice skating rinks, - often called 'Speedway-on-Ice'. These 2 alternative forms of ice racing are not covered here, but see Supplement below.

     Ice speedway bikes have no brakes and just 2 gears (to facilitate starts,) and racing is staged on frozen lakes, flooded oval stadium tracks or speed-skating rinks, primarily in Scandinavia, - Sweden and Finland - , plus North and Eastern Europe, - Germany, Czech Republic and Russia - , though Netherlands also stages a round of the World Championship Grand Prix, the "FIM Ice Speedway Gladiators" series, at a speed skating venue. ( For Ice Racing World Championships and its GP series see WORLD CHAMPIONS page.)

    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.
Finland,   Sweden,  Czecho(slovakia)


Finland has a long history of Ice Speedway racing, staging national championships almost continuously since WW2, though with a lull in the 1970s. Antti Pajari was an early Finnish triple ice champion familiar to British speedway followers having spent a season at Coventry before representing his country in the 1960 & '62 speedway WTC QRs. In the '80s Jarmo Hirvasoja scored 5 consecutive wins amongst his total of 7 championships, but he was better'd by the 8 titles gained by Antti Aakko over the past 2 decades. Aakko was also Nordic Ice Champion in 2008 and '10, but against the Russians in the European forum has managed only a bronze medal. (n.b: Finland also stages 125cc Ice Speedway championships as well as Ice Racing (Short-track) championships.)

           Lt:     Antti Aakko in 2012, 8x Champion
2011, Finland's 1,2,3: Seppo Siira (3rd), Mats Järf (1st), Henri Malinen (3rd) 


   It has been claimed that racing on ice took place as early as the 1920s on the frozen lakes of Sweden, but it was in the '30s that Torsten Sjöberg, with a style recognisable today, the use of long spikes, and a custom-made ice-bike frame, became their first Ice Speedway champion and moved the sport rapidly forward in Scandinavia. After the war an Ice Speedway league was introduced, (and continues today,) whose teams included many British dirt riders , and annual national championships followed.
            (Shown right; Sweden v. USSR c.1970.)

    In the '60s and '70s two riders, Bernt Hornfeldt and Kurt Westlund monopolised the Swedish title with 7 championships each until, in 1980 a new name appeared on the silverware that would recur over the next 3 decades.

    Veteran Per-Olaf Serenius, (aka "Posa", below left.) amassed a total of 22 Swedish national Ice championships over 33 years. Racing on machinery tuned by former Wolverhampton and Oxford rider Hasse Holmqvist, Posa, at 69 years of age called it a day in February, 2017.   Stefan Svensson (below, centre ) has taken 7 national and 3 Nordic titles, but his son Niklas Svensson was the 2017 champion. Fellow Swede Martin Haarahitunen took both the Swedish national and the Nordic Ice titles in 2018.

          Per-Olaf Serenius            Stefan Svensson               Niklas Svensson         Martin Haarahitunen
      22x Swedish Champ           7x Swedish Champ              2017 Champ        2018 Swedish & Nordic Champ.


Ice Speedway racing was a healthy sport in the days of the CSSR when Zdenek Kudrna took the national Ice title on 8 occasions. He appeared on the World Championship podium in 1977 and '79, and also reached the speedway World Final in 1979, the year that he joined Exeter Falcons in the British League. He later moved to Birmingham until being fatally injured in a Grass Track event in Holland in 1982. Following partition the Czech championship was an Open event with Western riders taking places on the podium. After a lull the Klatovsky brothers Antonin & Jan have, in recent years emulated their father Antonin Snr, a triple Czech ice champion of the '80s, and together taken 5 titles.

(Above right, Jan & Toni, Czechs 1st & 2nd at Hamr, Feb 2013.)

Below ctr: Stanislav Dyk, 4x Champ; Antonin Klatovsky 2005, 2006 Champ;
                                                        Jan Klatovsky 2009, '12, '13 Champ


Russia,  USSR,  Junior Russia/USSR
     As with speedway, Ice Speedway racing in Russia and the USSR started in earnest around 1960 with immediate concurrent national championship events, and its most successful ice riders of the time, Boris Samorodov and Gab Kadirov, also represented their nation on the dirt tracks, where the former just missed the Wembley rostrum in 1963 with a 4th place, (to be repeated at Ullevi in the following year.) Though the USSR fell away from the international dirt track scene it and Russia has strengthened its hold on the Ice Speedway front. (See World Championship table.)

     Whilst Kadirov had more successes on the World stage, Samorodov won the Russian national title 5 years on the trot along with 4 Union titles, being concurrent champion in '61, '62 and '63. Over more than 3 decades of parallel championships just 3 riders managed the undisputed position of being double National and Union title holder in the same year, - Tarabanko, '74; Bondarenko, '79; Nistcenko, '88 - , the honours being otherwise evenly distributed amongst the ice warriors of egalitarian USSR.

    Since standing alone, Russia's riders Balashov and Vitaly Khomitsevitch have each achieved 4 national championship wins, the formers' being consecutive, but both have been topped in the last decade by World Champ Nikolai Krasnikov's 7 state titles.

      Russian 1,2,3,  2013 (Lf-rt.): Dmitry Koltakov (3rd),
      Nikolai Krasnikov
(1st, with the Vladimir Karneeva                               2005 Russian Junior Champion,

      Memorial Cup,) Daniel Ivanov (2nd)                                                              
Pawel Chayka

     With the exception of Russian competitors, very few ice speedway riders are below 30 years of age, the reverse of the dirt speedway scene, in fact, of the non-Russians, the most successful are above 40: Gunther Bauer, (Germany) 42; Franz Zorn and Harold Simon of Austria, 43 & 47; Stefan Svensson 55, while PO Serenius (Sweden) raced until the age 68. The Russian exception is due in part no doubt to the existence of supportive training programmes and, since 1987, a national 'Junior Ice Championship', (plus the weather conditions that pertain in the central land mass to give a more extended riding season than elsewhere,) that in turn brings about their successes on the international scene and the Grand Prix series. Nikolai Krasnikov, having taken the Russian U21 title at 16, was able to add the World Championship as well as the national senior title 4 years later when just turned 20.

Germany,   Switzerland,  plus Austria, Holland, Canada,
                                                            Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Ukraine

     The first official German Ice Championship was won by Michael Lang in 1993, (when he also took his second World Championship Bronze medal,) and he went on to take another 2 titles. Then Russian-born Vjatscheslav Nikulin, (a 6x World Bronze medalist,) riding on a German licence won the title 5 times, but Sud-Bavarian Gunther Bauer, riding a KLM-Jawa has surpassed them both in two respects: with a 9th German title by 2016, to add to his World Silver medal from 2003.

2010 1,2,3: Stefan Pletschacher (2nd), Gunter Bauer (1st), Max Niedermaier (3rd).

    The first Swiss Ice Speedway championship was held in 2000, since when riders Heinz Goldi and Simon Gartmann have taken 5 of those 13 titles at the Flims Ice arena. Goldi's performances have been particularly exceptional as, having lost a leg in a road accident he races with a stump (rather than using his prosthetic limb.)

Heinz Goldi in action ;  2011:                                 Below: Lt, S.Gartmann (2nd),           
Pawel Stugala(PL), Rt,R.Haring (3rd)

Heinz Goldi, Champion 2005, '06, '10;           Simon Gartmann, Champ 2008, '09


    Austrian riders including Harold Simon (below, left,) and Franz Zorn (below right,) have regularly operated at world class level with appearances in both the Individual and the World Team Ice Championships, Zorn having made the podium 3 times. Both still made the top 8 in the 2013 'Ice Warriors' World championship Grand Prix series, the only non-Russians to do so. The one national championship staged for the Austrian title was an event in 2008 won by Zorn.



     For obvious reasons, without a UK track there have been but a few Brits at any one time that have ridden ice speedway, and no national championship that fits the FIM/spiked-tyre style of racing has ever existed. (For indoor events such as at Telford's 'speedway-on-ice' see Supplement below.)

     When a Swedish Ice Speedway League was set up post-War a number of National League riders including Ken Adams and Cyril Rogers traveled there to ride for Swedish teams but it was former Sheffield and Ashfield rider Bruce Semmens (pictured right,) that had the greatest success, and he rode widely in Scandinavia, to be acclaimed the best of the UK dirt riders that tried out the spiked sport in those early times.

     When Ice Speedway was granted World Championship status for the forthcoming 1966 season the UK's Grass Track champ Don Godden, along with Malcolm Simmons was entered into the initial year's preliminary Semi's in USSR. Ivan Mauger, along with his Newcastle Kiwi team-mate Goog Allen, participated in the '67 qualifiers but failed to progress beyond the entry stage, coming in at a lowly 16th place at Novosibirsk.

     The UK continued to have rider representation each year, accumulating more than a dozen ever-changing speedway names up to the mid-'70s, after which time Bruce Cribb, another New Zealander riding on a UK licence, was more often a lone Brit. In the mid-'80s he was joined by participants from other spheres of motorcycling, e.g. road-racers Ian Pratt, Neil Tuxworth, etc. (Perhaps their 'no-slide/low-angle/knee-to-the-surface' style seemed more appropriate, but success was no greater.) Britain's most successful ice racers were Cribb and Andy Ross, both having reached 2 World Finals, Cribb in 1978 (as reserve) and in '88; Ross in 1969 and '70, achieving 5th= place in the Nassjo, Sweden final of 1970. One of several dirt- and grass- riders from the Fens and from Yorkshire that took to ice speedway around this time, - Hughes(Joe), Greer, Wyer, Boocock(Eric) - , Ross was a successful grass track and speedway rider with Peterborough at the time, having been UK 500cc Grass Champion in 1968 before captaining the first ever Panthers side in 1970 and topping their score chart until a broken leg the following season curtailed his riding career.

    Photo'd Rt: Joe Hughes, Grass-tracker to Panthers speedway inductee with Ross in 1970, whom he replaced on Ice in '72, subsequently to become major equipment supplier to riders in all spheres.

    New Zealand born Bruce Cribb raced UK speedway for more than 20 years, and competed in ice speedway events for a similar, briefly broken, 20 years, from the 1970s to 1989 plus a 1993 comeback as a member of the GB Team in the Berlin Semi-Final along with Steve Smith and Graham Halsall. He is remembered by many in the UK for the lap record attempts he undertook on British dirt tracks, beating speedway record times at 16 venues, often by several whole seconds, cornering at angles never previously seen by British supporters. Today, with Mark Uzzell and Graham Halsall now retired, it leaves only Rob Irwin and Roger Newton taking part in continental events at a local level, lack of support/nomination from the ACU thwarting opportunity. Uzzell found it necessary to live in Sweden to avail himself of rides and practice opportunity: after 20 years of Ice Racing Rutland all-rounder Graham Halsall, the Brit with the greatest continuity in this form of the sport, has given up competing following the loss of a lower leg a few years ago on the road during the course of a rally in Ireland.  Ice Brits

             Bruce Cribb with Michael Lang                              Graham Halsall                      Kevin Rowland &
                           (3x German Ice Champ.)
                                                                                       Mark Uzzell 

       - Nordic Ice Speedway Champions
       - European Ice Speedway Champions

    Click thumbnail for full-size tables.

   The Nordic Ice Championship is, in effect a Swede/Finnish event, the former having had much of their own way with Posa Serenius having taken 8 championships.

    The 2012 winner, Per-Anders Lindstrom, is seen right, with Olsson & Johansson, (Serenius having been excluded in the Final after touching the tapes.)
    Mild weather caused several subsequent cancellations, Martin Haarahitunen, the Swede with the Finnish name, taking the 2018 title to add to his national title that year.


    The European Ice Racing Championship, resurrected in 1999 after a limited number of events in the mid '60s has, like the World Ice Championship, been dominated by Russian riders who only once have failed to take the gold medal in this UEM event when Austrian Franz Zorn succeeded in 2008. Zorn and fellow countryman Harold Simon have been the only riders to pose any serious threat to the East Europeans in this competition.

Results of other Ice Speedway international competitions can be found HERE,
Doc't.1. - Master of Spikes (Gy), Santa Cup (SW), Sanok Cup (PL) etc

Also given, - Doc'ts 2 & 3 - , are data on alternative ice race classes outwith that of this page, including the British Open Championship at Telford plus similar USA events.

Czech 2-valve Jawa                 Italian GM                   KLM-tuned 4-valve                   200 spikes !     

     The speedway-derived Czech 500cc Jawa/JRM engine dominates the Ice Speedway scene, almost exclusively so amongst Russian riders, though Italian GM motors are also popular and both can be found with proprietry tuning and heads, such as carried out by KLM, (former German speedway & Long Track champ Klaus Lausch,) and Hasse Holmqvist (former Wolves & Oxford rider, for PO Serenius.) The successful Austrian built KTM 450cc Short-Track/Motocross engine has also been tried but not seriously adopted.

     Such motors were fitted 'laid down' at one stage but most riders have reverted to upright mounting, and also found 2-valve engines more appropriate, as ice speedway motors require a completely different torque characteristic to that of a conventional speedway motor: at start up the rear wheel has no slippage and deft throttle control is necessary, 4-valve power can be too brutal, giving front wheel lift and rider control difficulties. The extended frame bikes are fitted with spiked tyres, (28mm spikes, 150 and 200 in the front and rear tyres respectively,) as opposed to conventional speedway machines

     The forces exerted on the extended wheelbase cycle frame are more severe in ice racing and hence a rigid framework is essential, - laydown engines reduce this - , so substantial structures with duplex down-tubes, as seen below, are the norm today. The combined fold-up rear trim and seat moulding makes access speedy and simple, even at the track-side. Rider protection, as well as the usually body armour includes calf and knee pads, - the cut rubber car tyres of the past now replaced with purpose leg mouldings - , and armadillo-type gloves are popular.


Jan.1968,  Conny Samuelsson with his new Christmas present, takes his first ever ride on ice, a frozen Swedish lake, watched by family members. He went on to become Swedish Champion in 1977, and World number 2 in that same year. Today he's a respected FIM official and meeting referee.

More Ice Racing programmes HERE

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